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Electron ionization source

Exhibit no. 210

The electron ionization (EI), formerly known as electron impact is a widely used ionization technique in organic mass spectrometry. EI source is held at elevated temperature (approximately 200 °C) to maintain the analytes in the gas phase. A heated tungsten or rhenium filament produces a beam of thermionic electrons that traverses the source and interacts with the analytes. Small permanent magnets force the electrons into helical paths thereby increasing the distance that the electrons travel and thus the chance for ionization. The electron energy depends on the potential difference between the filament and a trap electrode on the opposite side of the ion source. If a difference of 70 V is maintained, the electrons have energies of 70 electron volts (eV). A voltage on a repeller plate located opposite the exit leading to the mass analyzer acts to propel the ions out of the ion volume.

The exhibit is EI source from the single quadrupole mass spectrometer TRIO 1000 manufactured by VG Masslab (Altrincham, UK) since the late 1980s and used for GC/MS applications. The mass range of the instrument was 2 – 1000 Da.

Wikipedia: Electron ionization

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